Simulated memory

APA style research report (7%)
In the previous steps of this laboratory, you first took part in simulated memory experiment as a participant. Then, you read articles that suggested two hypotheses: memory for generated words should be better than memory for read words, and handwritten words should be remembered better than typed ones. Finally, you analysed the data from an experiment that examined these two hypotheses.
Now, you are ready to write your APA style research report. To accomplish this task, simply follow the steps 1 to 17 given to you below. Before you start, however, consider the following general instructions carefully.

There are many resources available for those who wish to improve their writing skills. They are listed in the “APA style research report information page” of cuLearn (i.e., where you found this Word document). You should definitely consult them.
Your final grade will be calculated using two marks: one for content (75%) and one for writing (25%). The content grade will be determined by your ability to follow steps 1 to 17. Your writing grade will focus on the following aspects. Each mistake will incur a one-point deduction up to a maximum of 25:
• Spelling
• Grammar (e.g., sentence construction, verb tenses, agreement)
• Punctuation
• Vocabulary selection (precision, style)
• Clarity (concision, ideas presented coherently)

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This assignment is individual work, but collegial collaboration is encouraged. Hence, you may exchange drafts with other students in the class in an effort to improve your paper. Remember, however, that plagiarism constitutes a serious academic offence. For more on plagiarism, please consult the university calendar and the course outline.
Once your assignment is completed, submit your work on cuLearn. The links is provided on the Cognitive Psychology Laboratory page. Your graded assignment will be returned to you via cuLearn. Your marks will appear within your graded document.
Note. Your work must be submitted as a Microsoft Word file (*.doc or *docx). If you submit a file in another format, then you will receive zero for this assignment. Do not submit a PDF file or any other format.

Steps to complete the assignment
General. A partially completed APA style research report is available for download on the laboratory’s cuLearn page. As you will see, parts of the document have been replaced with text highlighted in yellow. You must replace that text with your own grammatically complete sentences in order to produce an APA style research report. Instructions to help you complete this task are given below. Everything that you write should still be highlighted in yellow when you are done. This will help the TAs grade your paper. Otherwise, the research report should look like a student thesis when it is complete.
#1 – Start by formatting the document to follow prescribed APA style guidelines:
• Set your four margins to 1 inch (0.5 pt)
• Set line spacing at 2.0 (i.e., double line spacing) (0.5 pt)
• Set your font to Times New Roman and use 12 points (0.5 pt)
• Add a page number in the top right corner of the header. Replace the [TYPE HERE] by using page number > current position > plain number (0.5 pt)
• Finally, on the top left corner of the header replace the text RUNNING HEAD with GENERATION EFFECT (0.5 pt)
#2 – Summarize Slamecka and Graf’s (1978) Experiment 1. You read this paper already. (4 pt)
Slamecka, N., & Graf, P. (1978). The generation effect: Delineation of a phenomenon. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Learning and Memory, 4, 592–604.
#3 – Summarize Mangen et al.’s (2015) Experiment. You read this paper already. (4 pt)
Mangen, A., Anda, L., Oxborough, G., & Brønnick, K. (2015). Handwriting versus keyboard writing: Effect on word recall. Journal of Writing Research, 7, 227–247.
#4 – Briefly describe your experiment’s conditions: one sentence describes the generation conditions, one sentence describes the reading condition, and one says that you used a recognition test. Remember that this is the experiment that you did as a participant. (2 pt)
#5 – Present your hypothesis that compares the generations conditions with the reading condition. Also say that if this result is found, then it will replicate the classic Generation Effect. Remember that we discussed the hypotheses in a video that you have already watched. (2 pt)
#6 – Present your hypothesis that compares the writing condition with the typing condition. Remember that we discussed the hypotheses in a video that you have already watched. (2 pt)
#7 – Present the average age of your sample. Also give the number of participants who identified as male, female, transgender, and preferred not to say. You computed those numbers in your Excel data analyses. (2 pt)

#8 – Write a sentence that lists the types of words that were used in the experiment and give an example of a word pair. Here are some of the word pairs that were shown. (2 pt)
BAD GOOD
UP DOWN
HAMMER NAIL
ICING CAKE
WIN LOSE
SHOVE PUSH

#9 – Say how many new words were used for the recognition test. Remember that there were two distractors for each word seen in the processing phase. Also say that these new words’ characteristics were similar to those of the old words. (2 pt)
#10 – Write the first part of the procedure for your experiment. The procedure tells the reader how the experiment unfolded. The software that was used for the experiment was Qualtrics (Qualtrics, Provo, UT). Insert it (and its APA style citation) into your research report. (3 pt)
#11 – Clearly explain what participants were asked to do in each of the three experimental conditions. Remember that there was a reading condition and two generation conditions (handwriting and typing). (3 pt)
#12- Clearly explain what the participants were asked to do during the recognition test. Don’t forget to say that there was a total of 60 trials (i.e., time where participants were asked to find the word for the processing phase of the experiment and ignore the two distracter words). (3 pt)
#13 – Insert the percentage of incorrectly generated second words in the typed condition. You computed this value in your Excel data analyses file. Special note. This number appears twice in the research report (#13a and #13b). So, you need to insert this percentage twice. (1 pt)
#14 – Insert the graph that you created when you completed your Excel analyses into the manuscript. The graph should be centered and no text should appear on the figure’s sides. (2pt)
#15 – In your Excel file, you conducted three t-tests that each compared two of three experimental conditions. This time, you will find that the sentences have been written for you, but the statistical information is missing:
Where t() appears, you need to put the degrees of freedom between the parentheses. That number is equal to the sample size minus one.
Where t() = xx appears, you need to replace the xx with the appropriate t-value that you calculated in your Excel data analyses file.
Where p = .xx appears, you need to replace the xx with the appropriate p-value that you calculated in your Excel data analyses file. Note. For p-values that are larger than or equal to .001, then present the exact p-value. Otherwise, write p < .001.
Where ??? appears, write “statistically significant” or “not statistically significant”. You figured this out when you conducted your Excel data analyses.
Finally, when you are done, delete “#15” from your research report. Not this whole yellow section! Only the three alphanumeric characters #, 1, and 5. (4 pt)
#16 – Discuss your results using and relate them to those of Mangen et al. (2015). Minimally, you need to say what both your generation conditions found in relation to the reading condition. Also say how both generation conditions found in relation to each other. Otherwise, think about what you want to say here. How do your results compare with those of Mangen et al.? What theory or concept might explain the results that you did find? (4 pt)
#17 – Complete the References section. All references should be in the APA style. The full references for Slamecka and Graf (1978) and Mangen et al. (2015) are found in this document. Otherwise, use psycINFO to find the other references and insert the reference into your manuscript. Format all citations to be double-spaced with a hanging indent. Finally, pay attention to those portions of the references that are italicized. They must remain that way or you will lose marks. (2.5 pt)

 

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