# Assignment Brief

Assignment Brief

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Assignment Brief
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The summarised financial statements of SKANSA PLC, a Public company engaged in Construction, are shown below: Statement of profit and loss:

1. Calculate the following five ratios for each of the two years:

• Return on capital employed
• Net profit margin
• Current ratio
• Average Receivable days/ Debtors collection period
• Average Payable days/ Creditors collection period

(10 marks)

To answer this question, you need to calculate the five ratios mentioned in the question using the financial data provided in above two tables. The formulas for your assistance are mentioned above:

 Ratio Formula 2018 2019 ROCE Operating profit/Total assets-current liabilities  *100 Net profit margin Net profit/Sales*100 Current Ratio Current assets/current liabilities Average receivable days Receivables/Sales *365 Average Payable days Payables/Purchases * 365

Refer to your class notes for further clarifications on calculations

1. Comment on the performance of SKANSKA PLC. results from and position between the two (2) years from (a), mentioning possible causes, reasons and effects for the changes in the ratios.

(40 marks)

For this task, you are providing analysis of what do the results of the ratios calculated above. You need to provide analysis of each five ratios separately.

• Return on capital employed
1. Definition
2. What does the ratio indicate about company’s performance
3. Compare 2018 figures with 2019 figures calculated above

Explain what do these numbers mean and how has the figure changed in 2019 as compared to 2018

1. Reasons behind the value of the ratio going down in 2019 as compared to 2018
2. Ways to improve the value of the ratio in future
• Net profit margin
1. Definition
2. What does the ratio indicate about company’s performance
3. Compare 2018 figures with 2019 figures calculated above

Explain what do these numbers mean and how has the figure changed in 2019 as compared to 2018

1. Reasons behind the value of the ratio going down in 2019 as compared to 2018
2. Ways to improve the value of the ratio in future
• Current ratio
1. Definition
2. What does the ratio indicate about company’s performance
3. Compare 2018 figures with 2019 figures calculated above

Explain what do these numbers mean and how has the figure changed in 2019 as compared to 2018

1. Reasons behind the value of the ratio going down in 2019 as compared to 2018
2. Ways to improve the value of the ratio in future

• Average Receivable days/ Debtors collection period

1. Definition
2. What does the ratio indicate about company’s performance
3. Compare 2018 figures with 2019 figures calculated above

Explain what do these numbers mean and how has the figure changed in 2019 as compared to 2018

1. Reasons behind the value of the ratio going down in 2019 as compared to 2018
2. Ways to improve the value of the ratio in future

• Average Payable days/ Creditors collection period

1. Definition
2. What does the ratio indicate about company’s performance
3. Compare 2018 figures with 2019 figures calculated above

Explain what do these numbers mean and how has the figure changed in 2019 as compared to 2018

1. Reasons behind the value of the ratio going down in 2019 as compared to 2018
2. Ways to improve the value of the ratio in future

 Criteria 70% 60-69% 50-59% 40-49% Fail Presentation Including report format, clarity of expression, referencing, conclusion 10% Brief fully met within word count. Professional presentation and language used in a report format. Excellent range and source of referencing.  Harvard referencing used. Excellent conclusions Written in a Report format within word count. Meets brief fully. Clearly written and presented. Good referencing used from a range of sources with sensible and detailed conclusions Structured well in a Report format. Writing style is sometimes unclear. Adequate references however only partial use of Harvard referencing. A reasonable attempt at a conclusion made Brief partially met and an attempt made at a Report format. Too long or too short. Poor presentation. Problems with writing style. Few references and little conclusion given Brief not fully met. Far too long or too short. Not in a Report format. Unclear structure and poor presentation. No references or conclusion given Role of management accounting techniques in planning, control and decision making process 40% Demonstrates excellent research and understanding of the role of management accounting techniques and of its uses in planning, control and decision making The role of management accounting techniques has been well researched demonstrating a good understanding of its uses in planning, control and decision making Some research into the role of management accounting techniques is demonstrated together with some understanding of its practical uses in planning, control and decision making Limited analysis of the role of management accounting techniques in an organization and its uses in planning, control and decision making Little or no understanding demonstrated of the role of management accounting techniques in an organization or its role in planning, control and decision making Ratio Calculation 10% Excellent ratio calculations with the correct units of measurements for all the ratios required over the two-year period. A good ratio calculations with the correct units of measurements for at least 4 of the ratios required over the two-year period Fair ratio calculations with the correct units of measurements for at least 3 of the ratios required over the two-year period Weak ratio calculations with the correct units of measurements for at least 2 of the ratios required over the two-year period Poor ratio calculations with the correct units of measurements for at least 1 of the ratios required over the two-year period Interpretation and analysis of  financial ratios 40% Excellent interpretation and analysis of the performance are provided to demonstrate the financial situation and possible causes for the change from an investors perspective. Good interpretation and analysis of the performance are provided to demonstrate the financial situation and possible causes for the change from an investors perspective. Fair interpretation and analysis of the performance are provided to demonstrate the financial situation and possible causes for the change from an investors perspective. Weak interpretation and analysis of the performance are provided to demonstrate the financial situation and possible causes for the change from an investors perspective. Poor interpretation and analysis of the performance are provided to demonstrate the financial situation and possible causes for the change from an investors perspective.

Pages (550 words)
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