Kachru (1992) modeled the spread of English in the Three Circles Model. Explain Kachru’s three-circle model. Highlight its advantages as well as limitations.
Areas of Discussion
Areas of discussing the TMA’s topic are related to U214 Course Book 1, English in the World, and particularly Unit 1.
Discussing the TMA’s subject matter has to draw on the following ideas:
1. How and why do we need to model the spread of English? (5 pts)
2. What do the acronyms ENL, ESL and EFL stand for and what do they refer to? (5pts)
3. The Three Circles of English Model (5 pts)
4. Your evaluation of the advantages and limitations of the Model (5 pts).
N.B. Students need to read in – depth Unit 1 and think about the TMA questions as they read. Students need to take notes relating to the TMA question. When writing, students need to pay attention to structure, layout and correct language and use appropriate referencing and citation. Please note that, in addition to the textbook materials, students are strongly recommended to consult two or more of the following references:
You can include information from the course book but it is highly recommended to use external sources from the e-library.
Guidelines on Plagiarism
If you submit an assignment that contains work other than yours without acknowledging the sources, you are committing plagiarism. This might occur when:
(Slightly adapted from OU document on quoting versus plagiarism)
It is important to remember that plagiarism is strictly barred and would be subject to punitive action by the Arab Open University.
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